Sayings of the Messenger احادیثِ رسول اللہ

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Jami' At-Tirmidhi

Book: Chapters on Parables (41A)    أبواب الأمثال

Chapter No: 76

Narrated from An-Nawwas bin Sam'an Al-Kilabi (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed Allah drew a parable of the straight path as having walls on either side with several open doors over which curtains hang down. There is a caller at the head of the path inviting, and a caller above it is inviting. ‘And Allah invites to the abode of peace and guides whomever He wills to the straight path.’ (Qur’an:10/25) The doors which are on the sides of the path are the Hudud (legal limitations) of Allah; no one breaches the Hudud of Allah except that curtain is lifted, and the one calling from above it is admonisher from his Lord."

Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Ansari (RA) said: "One day Allah’s Apostle ﷺ emerged upon us and said: "While I was sleeping, I saw in my dream that Jibril (AS) stood at the side of my head and Mikail (AS) by my feet. One of them said to the other, “Coin for him a parable.” The other said, “Listen (0 Prophet) so that your ears may hear. Hearken so that your heart may understand! The parable of you and your Ummah is like the parable of a king who conquers a land, then he builds a house in it. Then he places there a dining mat in it, then he sends a messenger to call the people to eat from it. Among them are those who answer the call of the messenger, and among them are those who forsake it. So, Allah is the king and the land is Islam, and the house is Paradise, and you O Muhammad ﷺ! You are the Messenger, so he who answers you, joins Islam and he who joins Islam, enters Paradise and he who enters Paradise, eats that which is in it.'"

Ibn Mas'ud (RA) said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ offered 'Isha, then he turned and held Abdullah bin Mas'ud by his hand until he went with him to the wide valley of Makkah. He made him sit down, then he drew a line around him. Then he said: 'Do not go beyond your line, for indeed there shall come some men to you, but do not talk to them and they too will not talk to you.'" He said: "Then the Apostle of Allah ﷺ went to where he intended to go, and while I was sitting within the line, some men came to me that appeared as if they were from Az-Zut (A dark people, either from North Africa or India. See Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi and An-Nihayah) Their hair and their bodies seemed to me neither naked nor covered. They would set towards me, but they did not tress-pass the line. Then they returned toward the Apostle of Allah ﷺ and when it was near the end of the night, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ came to me while I was sitting, and he said: " I could not sleep all night.' then he entered into the line with me and lay down on my thigh to sleep. And when Allah’s Apostle ﷺ slept he would snore. So, while I was sitting there, and the Apostleof Allah ﷺ was sleeping (with his head resting) on my thigh, there appeared some men wearing white garments, and Allah knows best just how handsome they were. They came towards me, and a group of them sat at the head of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ, and a group at his feet. Then they said to each other: 'We have not ever seen a slave (of Allah) who was given the likes of what this Prophet has been given. Indeed, his eyes sleep but his heart remains awake. Coin for him a parable. His parable is that of a chief who built a castle, then he placed a dining table in it, and invited the people to eat from his food and drink. So, whoever answers his invitation, he eats from his food and drinks from his drink. Whoever did not respond, he is punished - or he said - he is chastised.' Then they got up (and went away) and the Apostle of Allah ﷺ awoke at that time and said: 'I heard what they were saying. Do you know who they were?' I said: 'Allah and His Apostle know better.' He said: 'They were the angels. Do you know the meaning of the parable they stated?' I said: 'Allah and His Apostle know better.' He said: ' The example that they coined was of Ar-Rahman (the Compassionate) Who built Paradise and invited His slaves to it. So those who responded, entered Paradise and those who did not respond, He punished them.'"

Chapter No: 77

Narrated from Jabir bin 'Abdullah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "The example of myself and the Prophets [before me] is that of a man who builds a house. He completes it and made it beautiful, except for the space of one brick. So, the people enter it and admire it but remark: ‘Were it not for the space of a brick.'"

Chapter No: 78

Narrated from Al-Harith Al-Ash'ari that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed Allah ordered Yahya bin Zakariyya (AS) with five things to abide by, and to order the Children of Isra'il to abide by them. But he delayed in conveying them. So 'Eisa (AS) said: 'Indeed Allah ordered you with five things to abide by and to order the Children of Isra'il to abide by. Either you order them, or I shall order them.' So Yahya (AS) said: 'I fear that if you precede me in this, then the earth may swallow me, or I shall be punished.' So, he gathered the people in Jerusalem, and they filled [the Masjid] and sat upon its balconies. So, he said: 'Indeed Allah has commanded me with five commandments to abide by, and to command you to abide by. The first of them is that you worship Allah and not associate anything with him. The parable of the one who associates others with Allah is that of a man who buys a servant with his own gold or silver, then he says to him: "This is my home, and this is my business so take care of it and give me the profits." So, he takes care of it and gives the profits to someone other than his master. Which of you would live to have a servant like that? And Allah commands you to offer Salah, and when you perform Salah then do not turn away, for Allah is facing the face of His worshipers as long as he does not turn away. And He commands you with fasting. For indeed the parable of fasting, is that of a man in a group with a sachet containing musk. All of them enjoy its fragrance. Indeed, the breath of the fasting person is more pleasant to Allah than the scent of musk. And He commands you to give charity. Its similitude is that of a man who is imprisoned by his enemy. They tie his hand to his neck and take him to be executed. He offers, ‘I pay ransom to you the little or much, and he ransoms himself from them. And He commands you to remember Allah. For indeed the similitude for that is like a man whose enemy pursue him in haste while he comes to a strong fort and protects himself from them. So is the man whom nothing protects from the devil but dhikr (remembrance) of Allah.'" The Prophet ﷺ said: "And I command you with five that Allah commanded me: Listening and obeying, Jihad, Hijrah, and the Jama'ah. For indeed whoever separates from the Jama'ah even by the measure of a hand-span, then he has cast off the yoke of Islam from his neck, unless he returns. And whoever invites people to the call of Jahiliyyah then he is from the fuels of Hell." A man asked: "O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ Even if he offer Salah and keep fast?" So, he ﷺ said: "Even if he offers Salah and keep fast. So, invite to Allah Who named you Muslim s. Believers and slaves of Allah."

Chapter No: 79

Narrated from Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "The parable of the believer who recites the Qur'an is that of a citron, its fragrance is pleasant, and its taste is pleasant. The parable of the believer who does not recite the Qur'an is that of a date, it has no odour, but its taste is sweet. The parable of the hypocrite who recites the Qur'an is that of basil, its fragrance is pleasant, but its taste is bitter. The parable of the hypocrite who does not recite the Qur'an is that of the colocynth, its smell is repulsive, and its taste is bitter.'"

Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "The parable of the believer is like the field plant; the wind does not cease to bend him down and the believer does not cease to face trials. And the parable of the hypocrite is like a pine tree that is motionless till it is uprooted."

Narrated from Ibn Umar (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed there is a tree among trees whose leaves does not fall, and it is like the believer. Tell me what it is?" 'Abdullah (RA) said: "The people started thinking about the trees of the wild. And it occurred to me that it may be the date-palm." Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said: "It is the date-palm." But I was shy - meaning to say anything." Abdullah said: "So I informed Umar (RA) about what I had thought of, and he said: 'If you had said it, that would be more beloved to me than this or that.'"

Chapter No: 80

Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Imagine if there was a river by the gate of one of you, and he washes himself in it five times each day. Will there remain any filth on him?" They replied: "No filth would stay on him." He said: "That is the parable of the five prayers, Allah erases the sins with them."

Chapter No: 81

Narrated from Anas (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "The parable of my Ummah is that of a rain; It is not known whether first of it is better or the last of it."

Chapter No: 82

Abdullah bin Buraidah narrated from his father that the Prophet ﷺ said: "Do you know what the example of this and this is?" - and he casted two pebbles. They said: "Allah and His Apostle ﷺ know better." He said: "This (the farther) one is hope, and this (closer) one is death."

Narrated from Ibn Umar (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Your appointed time in comparison to the time of the nations who have passed away, is like the time between the Salah of Asr and the setting of the sun. And your example in comparison to the Jews and Christians, is like a man who hired some workers and he said: 'Who will work for me until afternoon against a Qirat?' So, the Jews worked for half a day against one Qirat. Then he said: 'Who will work for me from the afternoon until Salah of Al-'Asr against one Qirat?' So, the Christians worked against one Qirat each. Then it is you who are doing the work from Salah of Al-Asr until the setting of the sun against two Qirats. So, the Jews and the Christians got angry and said: ‘We work more but are paid less?' So, He (Allah) says: 'Have I wronged you in any of your rights?' They replied: 'No.' He said, “This is my favour. I grant it to whom I will.”’

Narrated from Ibn Umar (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "People are but like a hundred camels, a man cannot find a mount (suitable to ride upon) among them."

Narrated (Another route) from Az-Zuhri: with this chain, and it is similar, but he said: "You can find a mount among them." - from Salim, from Ibn 'Umar that the Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) said: "People are but like one hundred camels, you can not find a mount among them - or he said - you can not find but one mount among them."

Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "The Parable of myself and that of my Ummah is like a man who kindles a fire, and the flies and moths began flying into it - and I hold you back by your hems while you advance forward into it."