Sayings of the Messenger احادیثِ رسول اللہ

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Jami' At-Tirmidhi

Book: Chapters on Military Expeditions (19)    أبواب السیر

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Chapter No: 1

Abu Al-Bakhtari said: "An Army from the armies of the Muslims, led by Salman Al-Farisi (RA), besieged one of the Persian castles. They said: 'O Abu 'Abdullah! Shall we not pounce on them?' He said: 'Allow me to invite them (to Islam) as I heard the Apostle of Allah ﷺ invite them.' So, Salman (RA) approached them and said: 'I am only a man from among you, a Persian, and you see that the Arabs obey me. If you become Muslims then you will have the likes of what we have, and from you will be required that which is required from us. If you refuse, and keep your religion, then we will leave you to it, and you will give us the Jizyah from your hands while you are submissive.' He said to them in Persian: 'And you are other than praiseworthy and if you refuse then we will equally resist you.' They said: 'We will not give you the Jizyah, we will fight you instead.' So, they said: 'O Abu 'Abdullah! Should we pounce on them (now)?' He said: 'No.'" He said: "So for three days he invited them to the same (things), and then he said: ‘Pounce on them.'" He said: "So we attacked them, and we conquered the castle."

Chapter No: 2

Ibn Asim Al-Muzani narrated from his father and he was a Companion who said: "When the Apostle of Allah ﷺ sent any army or detachment, he used to say to them: 'If you see a Masjid, or hear someone calling the Adhan, then do not kill anyone.'"

Chapter No: 3

Anas (RA) said: "When the Apostle of Allah ﷺ went out for Khaibar, he arrived there at night and whenever he came to a people at the night, he would not attack them before morning. So, when the morning came, the Jews came out with their shovels and baskets, then when they saw him, they said: 'Muhammad! By Allah Muhammad has arrived with the Khamis (an army).' So the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said: 'Allahu Akbar! Khaibar is destroyed, for whenever we descend upon the land of people - then what an evil morning for those who have been warned.'"

Narrated from Abu Talhah (RA) that when the Prophet ﷺ overcome a people he would stay at the outskirts of their city for three nights.

Chapter No: 4

Narrated from Ibn Umar (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ burnt and cut down the palm trees of Bani Nadir at Al-Buwairah. So, Allah revealed: What you (O Muslims) cut down of the palm-trees (of the enemy), or you left them standing on their stems, it was by Leave of Allah, and in order that He might disgrace the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (59:5)"

Chapter No: 5

Narrated from Abu Umamah (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said: "Indeed, Allah has honored me over the (other) Prophets" - or he said: "My Ummah over all nations, and He has made the booty of war lawful for us." Another chain from Abu Hurairah who narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: "I have been honored over the Prophets with six (things): I have been given Jawami' Al-Kalam (brief and comprehensive words), I have been aided by (the ability to cause in the enemy) fright, the booty of war have been made lawful for me, the Earth has been made as a Masjid and purifier for me, and I have been sent to all creatures, and with me Prophethood is sealed."

Chapter No: 6

Narrated from Ibn Umar (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ distributed the booty giving two shares for the horse and one share for the man.

Chapter No: 7

Narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "The best number of companions is four, the best number of Saraya (military expedition) is four hundred, the best number of army is four thousand, and twelve thousand will not be beaten due to being too few."

Chapter No: 8

Narrated Yazid bin Hurmuz that Najdah Al-Haruri wrote to Ibn Abbas (RA) asking whether the Apostle of Allah ﷺ used to fight along with women, and did he used to fix a share of the booty of war for them. Ibn 'Abbas wrote to him: "You wrote to me asking me if the Apostle of Allah ﷺ used to fight along with women. He did fight along with them, as they used to treat the wounded. They received something from the booty of war, but as for their share, then he did not fix a share for them."

Chapter No: 9

Umair, the freed slave of Abil-Lahm said: "I participated in the war of Khaibar with my masters. They spoke to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ about me and told him that I was a slave." He (Umair) said: "So he commanded about me and a sword was hanged over me, such that I found myself dragging it (because of short stature), so he ordered that I be given something from the goods. I presented a Ruqyah (spell) that I used to chant over the possessed with, so he ordered me leave some of it and retain some of it."

Chapter No: 10

Narrated from Aishah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ went towards Badr till he reached Harrah Al-Wabr, a man from the idolaters met him, who was known for bravery and courage. The Prophet ﷺ asked him: "Do you believe in Allah and his Messenger?" He replied: "No." He said: "Then return, because I will never seek aid from an idolater." It has been related by Az-Zuhri, that the Prophet (ﷺ) gave a portion to some people among the Jews who fought along with him. This was narrated to us by Qutaibah (who said): "Abdul-Warith bin Sa'eed narrated to us from 'Urwah bin Thabit, from Az-Zuhri." This Hadith is Hasan Gharib.

Abu Musa (RA) said: "I approached the Apostle of Allah ﷺ at Khaibar along with a group of the Ash'ari tribe. He gave us share along with those who conquered it."

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